By Graeme Forbes
Ascriptions of psychological states to oneself and others provide upward thrust to many attention-grabbing logical and semantic difficulties. angle difficulties provides an unique account of psychological country ascriptions which are made utilizing intensional transitive verbs resembling 'want', 'seek', 'imagine', and 'worship'. Forbes bargains a thought of ways such verbs paintings that attracts on rules from normal language semantics, philosophy of language, and aesthetics.
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Ascriptions of psychological states to oneself and others provide upward thrust to many fascinating logical and semantic difficulties. perspective difficulties provides an unique account of psychological nation ascriptions which are made utilizing intensional transitive verbs comparable to 'want', 'seek', 'imagine', and 'worship'.
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Extra info for Attitude Problems: An Essay On Linguistic Intensionality
The λQ-term itself is therefore of type mm, requiring the inner every to be of type (mm)m. Consequently, the scope of λP is of type m, so by the same reasoning, the outer every is also of type (mm)m. ∪φ). 3) in (Thomason 1980:51). 12 For more discussion of this point, see (Anderson 1980:223–4). 13 Instead of (26a,b) we might try a conjunctive strategy (‘F and notorious for an F ’) like the one for intersectives in note 6, p. 27; but it is unclear what non-derivative, more basic type there is for notorious in ‘notorious for an F ’.
Hence some mouse is an x such that Tom chases x, the intuitive meaning we are after. A property of individuals is sometimes called a ﬁrst-order property. Correspondingly, a property of properties of individuals is a second-order property. Generalizing from (12), then, our semantics for qnp’s makes them second-order properties. Finally, we should correct a misleading impression that may be left by our discussion of λ-abstraction and example (10). We considered only the introduction of the lambda operator to bind an individual variable, and the formula in (10) on which abstraction is performed is itself of type b.
Intensional Transitivesm41 b. Perseus believes the proposition that three gorgons can be found in Crete. The two readings of (3) in (5) articulate an ambiguity for which there are many labels in the literature: de re/de dicto, wide scope/narrow scope, relational/notional, speciﬁc/unspeciﬁc, to name some. The ambiguity was originally investigated by Quine (1956), who introduced the terminology ‘relational/notional’. According to (5a), there are three gorgons (in the domain of discourse) to whom Perseus is cognitively related in believing that they can be found in Crete (he need not believe they are gorgons).
Attitude Problems: An Essay On Linguistic Intensionality by Graeme Forbes