By Alexander Williams

ISBN-10: 0521190967

ISBN-13: 9780521190961

Argument constitution - the trend of underlying relatives among a predicate and its dependents - is on the base of syntactic thought and the speculation of the interface with semantics. This entire advisor explores the reasons for thematic and event-structural decomposition, and its relation to constitution in syntax. It additionally discusses large styles within the linking of syntactic to semantic family members, and comprises insightful case stories on passive and resultative structures. Semantically particular and syntactically neutral, with a cautious, interrogative strategy, Williams clarifies notions of argument inside of either lexicalist and nonlexicalist ways. excellent for college kids and researchers in syntactic and semantic thought, this advent comprises: • A complete evaluate of arguments in syntax and semantics • dialogue questions and recommendations for extra examining • A word list with important definitions of keyword phrases.

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Example text

But some entailments feel special, in seeming to reflect a relation of meaning. Cy struck out Ty entails (7) and (8) only because the latter are true in nearly all imaginable circumstances. But why does it entail Cy threw a ball? Seemingly because their meanings are importantly related, though their forms are quite different. Specifically, Cy struck out Ty seems to somehow include the meaning of Cy threw a ball, though without containing throw or ball. We may have similar thoughts about (9). It is tempting to say that the entailment holds because ewe has ‘sheep’ as a part of its meaning, even though it does not have sheep as a part of its derivation.

That is, that phonological words with internal structure are built at a different level of analysis than sentences are? 6 Can you think of transformational operations that are not movements? ” Make sure you understand why. Now ask, should we have minor category features that are shared across different major categories? For instance, are there transitive nouns, in addition to transitive verbs? Can you think of any other possible cases? 8 Is it attractive to assume that derivational rules of Syntax are general?

Anything that satisfies the latter two predicates satisfies teacher as well. And if the values of these predicates are sets of individuals, the value of teacher has these sets as subsets. A predicate is vague when the boundaries of its application are indeterminate. A woman is considered tall in today’s America if she is 5 foot 8, but not if she is 5 foot 4. The boundary between tall and not tall is blurry, however. 8. Eventually these marginal subtractions will yield a woman who is not tall. But the question of exactly when has no nonstipulative answer.

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Arguments in Syntax and Semantics by Alexander Williams


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