By Solveig Bosse
Applicative Arguments: A Syntactic and Semantic research of German and English offers formal semantic and syntactic analyses of German and English applicative arguments. those arguments are nominal components that aren't compulsory elements of a sentence. either German and English have different types of applicative arguments, together with so-called benefactive and malefactive buildings. extra particularly, the examine will depend on exams to tell apart the different sorts of applicative arguments according to this contribution to which means: a few applicatives give a contribution simply not-at-issue which means, while others give a contribution simply at-issue that means, and nonetheless others give a contribution either different types of which means. those checks are utilized to either German and English to uniquely establish the applicative arguments in every one language. Formal analyses of the pointed out form of applicative arguments are offered that supply an account for every kind of applicative pointed out for every language, explaining the applicatives’ ameliorations and similarities.
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Additional resources for Applicative Arguments: A Syntactic and Semantic Investigation of German and English
76. a. Dat Alex in Bremen. ' b. Nom in Berlin was, brought he Alex in Bremen um. ' c. Nom in Berlin was, has he versucht, Alex in Bremen umzubringen. ' In Pylkkänen's analysis, if the dying event happens in Berlin and Jan is adversatively affected by this event, this affecting should take place in Berlin as well. Having two different location modifiers for one event should be impossible (cf. Parsons 1990, each event can have each participant/ thematic role only once). In the bi-eventive analysis, the location modifiers can modify different 46 events.
Dat das Kind vor mein Auto lief. ' 19 This can also be used to differentiate part-whole applicatives from pertinence datives. 3. The possessor in a pertinence dative can be the direct object in the presence of a goal PP. This is not the case for the part NP in a part-whole applicative construction (see i. and ii. below). i. *Jan legte dem Auto das Rad auf den Tisch. Jan legte dem Patienten das Bein auf das Bett. ' (pertinence dative) 55 (100a) cannot be interpreted as "my car" (but possibly as "my child").
It matters to me because it was the vase. 2. #It matters to me because Gerald did it. Actual contexts can make the agent more or less relevant in both German and English. For instance, (70a) could be followed with deshalb spricht Chris jetzt nicht mehr mit Alex ("because of that Chris doesn't talk to Alex anymore"). This makes it more salient that Chris is angry because it was Alex who broke the vase. However, sentence (70a) still cannot convey the meaning that Chris is affected by Alex's action.
Applicative Arguments: A Syntactic and Semantic Investigation of German and English by Solveig Bosse