By Douglas J. Emlen

ISBN-10: 142994739X

ISBN-13: 9781429947398

The tale at the back of the beautiful, severe guns we see within the animal world—teeth and horns and claws—and what they could let us know concerning the method people advance and use palms and different weapons

In Animal guns, Doug Emlen takes us outdoors the lab and deep into the forests and jungles the place he's been learning animal guns in nature for years, to provide an explanation for the methods at the back of the main interesting and curious examples of utmost animal weapons—fish with mouths higher than their our bodies and insects whose heads are so filled with muscle they don't have room for eyes. As singular and weird as a few of the guns we stumble upon on those pages are, we research that comparable elements set their evolution in movement. Emlen makes use of those styles to attract parallels to the way in which we people boost and hire our personal guns, and feature on account that conflict started. He appears to be like at every little thing from our armor and camouflage to the evolution of the rifle and the constructions human populations have outfitted throughout diversified areas and eras to guard their houses and groups. With attractive black and white drawings and beautiful colour illustrations of those recommendations at paintings, Animal guns brings us the whole tale of the way guns achieve their such a lot oversized, dramatic capability, and what the consequences we witness within the animal international can let us know approximately our personal dating with guns of all types.

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In short, Kapteyn grew up in an orthodox protestant environment, at home as well as in the village he lived in. We will see later that he turned away from the church at a young age and that he originally resolved to have a civil wedding only and not to marry in church; this led to a severe clash with his parents, especially his father, who refused to provide the parental permission that was still legally required in those days (see page 106). Yet it is not likely that Kapteyn Senior and his wife belonged to the ‘bevindelijke’, extremely orthodox Protestant, church.

Bodegraven is a municipality in the province of South-Holland, not far from Gouda. Wikipedia notes that it lies roughly equally distant (about 30 kms) from the four major cities in the Netherlands: Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, and Utrecht. The ‘English disease’ is rachitis or rickets and results from a deficiency of vitamin D or calcium; it occurs mainly among young children. It affects the bones, often by softening them, leading to fractures and deformations. ‘Later he used to tell the story that a peddler who noticed him on his rounds in Bodegraven to sell his healing products, offered his mother a ‘medicine’ to help the boy get rid of the disease.

Moll had also studied extensively in Amsterdam under physicist Jean Henri (also Jan Hendrik) van Swinden (1746–1823), and after having obtained a ‘Candidaats’ (Bachelor degree) in Leiden, he went to study in Paris under the mathematician and astronomer Jean-Baptiste Joseph Delambre (1749–1822), among others. Moll was appointed professor of mathematics, astronomy and physics in Utrecht in 1815. When he received a tempting offer to come to Leiden in 1826, he decided to stay in Utrecht, however. The city of Utrecht expressed its gratitude by awarding him the sum of 10,000 Guilders (equivalent to about 230,000€ today), to buy instruments for his scientific research.

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Animal Weapons: The Evolution of Battle by Douglas J. Emlen

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