By Noel Burton-Roberts
This hugely profitable textual content has lengthy been thought of the traditional advent to the sensible research of English sentence constitution. It covers key innovations comparable to constituency, class and services, and likewise utilises tree diagrams all through to assist the reader visualise the constitution of sentences.
In this fourth variation, Analysing Sentences has been completely revised and now incorporates a fresh better half site with extra actions and routines for college kids and a solution e-book for the in-text workouts for professors. the additional actions at the site provide scholars perform in picking syntactic phenomena in working textual content and may support to deepen realizing of this subject.
Accessible and transparent, this booklet is the proper textbook for readers coming to this subject for the 1st time. that includes many in-text, end-of-chapter and extra routines, it's appropriate for self-directed learn in addition to to be used as middle examining on classes.
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Additional resources for Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax
And [b] How is old Sam? As these different questions show, on the first interpretation, [a], old belongs with how to form the phrase how old. ). On this interpretation, since old forms a constituent with how, it simply cannot also form a constituent with Sam. It’s on the second interpretation, [b], that old and Sam go together, forming a constituent. This example illustrates how deciding what phrases there are in the sentence is a crucial part of deciding what the sentence actually means. e. whether it’s a phrase of the language) – at least once they start thinking about it (as you’re being encouraged to do here).
4. Draw phrase markers for the following phrases: (a) young car salesmen; (b) used car salesmen. 5. The phrase the old Romanian history teacher has several different interpretations. Here are three structural analyses. 38 EXERCISES PHRASE (a) the PHRASE old PHRASE Romanian PHRASE history teacher PHRASE (b) the PHRASE PHRASE old PHRASE (c) the teacher PHRASE old PHRASE Romanian history PHRASE PHRASE Romanian teacher history (1) Which analysis corresponds with the interpretation ‘the old teacher of Romanian history’?
The only well-formed subject~predicate combinations are: (c) + (a), (c) + (f), (c) + (g), (d) + (a), (d) + (f), and (d) + (g). Since (c) and (d) can function as subjects they are NPs. (a), (f), and (g), which can function as predicates, are all VPs. (a) is centred on the verb remind, (f) is centred on the verb rained, and (g) is centred on the verb are. As for (b) and (e), they don’t combine, in any order, with any of the other phrases nor with each other, so they belong to categories other than NP and VP.
Analysing sentences: an introduction to English syntax by Noel Burton-Roberts