By Nancy E. Lane

ISBN-10: 0195138732

ISBN-13: 9780195138733

Osteoarthritis afflicts approximately 25 million humans within the United States--two-thirds of everybody over 65--and the numbers will merely develop within the coming years as child boomers age. but few that suffer from this affliction comprehend a lot approximately it--how to alleviate the ache, what workouts can assist decrease their anguish, the way to lessen on visits to the surgeon. In All approximately Osteoarthritis, top gurus at the disease--Nancy E. Lane and Daniel J. Wallace--join forces to supply the main updated and accomplished dialogue of osteoarthritis on hand, explaining what osteoarthritis is, how sufferers can assist themselves, and the way to discover the easiest assets to regulate the affliction. The authors supply info in a transparent and available kind, with certain illustrations displaying how key joints--knees, hips, arms, backs, arms, and necks--degenerate. They take readers throughout the steps of analysis, how the physique is affected, and how you can deal with the affliction. In elementary language, they describe all the validated treatments, together with new medicines and their unwanted side effects, and support readers make sure whilst surgical procedure might be valuable. The authors additionally research substitute remedies, clarifying which paintings, which could paintings, and which certainly don't. and so they define fresh advances within the box and speak about the place those breakthroughs could lead on us. whereas osteoarthritis so much acutely impacts the aged, it starts off years prior to, and plenty of humans undergo the aches and pains of the situation good ahead of previous age. For getting older child boomers, a lot might be performed earlier than osteoarthritis turns into power and debilitating. This finished advisor will offer a very good source for sufferers and their households, caregivers, and doctors.

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Extra resources for All About Osteoarthritis: The Definitive Resource for Arthritis Patients and Their Families

Sample text

Therefore, an understanding of bone is crit­ ical to understanding osteoarthritis. There are two major types of bone in the body. Cortical bone forms the outer envelope of bone around the marrow cavity and makes up 80% of the bone in the body. The other major type is trabecular (cancel­ lous) bone, which is spread throughout the bone marrow. It is made up of many small thin trabecular lattices and within these lattices is bone marrow. The trabecular bone sits next to the bone marrow: it has a high 25 26 Boning Up on the Musculoskeletal System surface area, and turns over more rapidly.

They can diagnose herniated discs in the back, narrowing of the spinal canal (spinal stenosis), and assess bone mineral­ ization. MRI scans use magnets to create images and are free of radiation. Of particular value for herniated discs, spinal stenosis, torn menisci, stress fractures, tumors, and dead bone (avascular necrosis or os­ teonecrosis), use of the MRI has greatly increased. A modified X-ray, known as dual X-ray absoptiometry (DXA), has become the preferred method for evaluating bone mineralization and diagnosing osteoporosis.

Cortical bone, on the other hand, is a very strong compact bone and has a very slow turnover rate. Since cortical bone serves as an outer envelope that surrounds the bone marrow, its slow turnover rate has most likely evolved over years. Cortical bone re­ sponds to changes in mechanical stress. If you exercise and strengthen your muscles, cortical bone will thicken to some extent. With aging, cor­ tical bone is lost from both a decrease in activity (which weakens mus­ cles) and decreases in cortical bone.

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All About Osteoarthritis: The Definitive Resource for Arthritis Patients and Their Families by Nancy E. Lane

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