By Henri Begleiter, Deirdre Winczewski, Richard Deitrich, Richard Fuller, Donald Gallant, Donald W. Goodwin, Edward Gottheil, Alfonso Paredes, Marcus Rothschild, David H. van Thiel, Marc Galanter
Quantity thirteen investigates the ways that age, gender, socioeconomic conditions, and genetics have an effect on competitive habit and vulnerability to alcoholism.
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Extra resources for Alcoholism & Violence: Epidemiology, Neurobiology, Psychology, Family Issues (Recent Developments in Alcoholism)
Alcohol use was twice as likely to be found in rapes involving strangers (in 44% of the rape events alcohol had been used) compared with rapes involving primary relations (21% of cases involved alcohol). It is particularly noteworthy that when only the victim had been drinking, the victim and offender were strangers in 77% of the cases. Thus, drinking in rape, as in other crimes, may play any one of a number of different roles: It may be present but have no effect; it may enhance chances of victimization when the parties are strangers; it can be present in the offender alone and exert an effect only on the offender, such as misreading social cues in relation to prevailing norms; or it may begin an evening gathering of a group of men that ends in drunkenness and rape.
When the purpose of the research is to measure drinking problems, it may be questionable to include in a comparison group women in labor, victims of heart attack, and those suffering from surgical problems, all of whom are relatively unlikely to have been drinking. 19 have argued that attempts to find comparison groups for events that involve intentional behavior, as most violent acts do fully or in part, are difficult if not impossible. A comparison group must be based on ceteris paribus criteria.
7–44 12–80 9–83 17–70 15 9–45 14–64 7 3 2 5 3 12–62 13–25 1–16 21–83 23–63 33 8 26 8 32–64 16–49 21–83 25–63 19 15 41–72 18–51 6 3 3 45–75 31–44 7–12 6 3–25 13 3 3 18 29 5 2 5 28–86 24–37 7–72 13–60 14–87 25–60 12–16 6–40 17 14–100 6 13 30–70 18–66 continued 10 I • Epidemiology Table I. Continued Number of studies Casualty Accidents (nontraffic) Fatal Family abuse Marital violence (men’s drinking) Marital violence (women’s drinking) Child abusers/neglecters Child molesters a 6 2 1 6 Range 6–57 10–27 13 32–54 Studies use measures such as BACs, police reports of driving, witness reports, self reports.
Alcoholism & Violence: Epidemiology, Neurobiology, Psychology, Family Issues (Recent Developments in Alcoholism) by Henri Begleiter, Deirdre Winczewski, Richard Deitrich, Richard Fuller, Donald Gallant, Donald W. Goodwin, Edward Gottheil, Alfonso Paredes, Marcus Rothschild, David H. van Thiel, Marc Galanter