By Amitava Dasgupta

ISBN-10: 0128003391

ISBN-13: 9780128003398

Alcohol and Its Biomarkers: scientific elements and Laboratory Determination is a concise advisor to all at the moment identified alcohol biomarkers, their scientific program, and the laboratory tools used to become aware of them. Pathologists can use this source to appreciate the constraints and value components linked to each one process for opting for definite alcohol biomarkers. furthermore, interferences in those determinations are mentioned, in order that clinicians can comprehend the motives of falsely increased biomarkers and pathologists and laboratory scientists can almost certainly do away with them. The booklet makes a speciality of the analytical equipment used to become aware of alcohol in blood and urine, the restrictions of alcohol selection utilizing enzymatic tools, and the diversities among scientific and forensic alcohol dimension. Chapters additionally disguise state of the art alcohol biomarkers for capability use.

  • Focuses at the analytical equipment used for detecting alcohol in blood and urine in addition to the pitfalls and boundaries of alcohol choice utilizing enzymatic methods
  • Explains the adaptation among medical and forensic alcohol measurement
  • Includes a quick review of some great benefits of eating alcohol moderately and the risks of heavy drinking

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Extra info for Alcohol and Its Biomarkers: Clinical Aspects and Laboratory Determination

Sample text

Arch Intern Med 2008;159:1681À9. [9] Hingson RW, White A. S. high school seniors. JAMA Pediatr 2013;167:996À8. References [10] Patrick ME, Schulenberg JE, Martz ME, Mags JL, et al. Extreme binge drinking among 12th grade students in the United States: prevalence and predictors. JAMA Pediatr 2013;167:1019À25. [11] White AM, Kraus CL, Swartzwelder H. Many college freshmen drink at levels far beyond the binge threshold. Alcohol Clin Exp Res 2006;30:1006À10. [12] Naimi TS, Brewer RD, Miller JW, Okoro C, et al.

Phosphatidyl ethanol is an alcohol biomarker. 2 Factors Affecting Alcohol Metabolism Conversion of ethanol to acetaldehyde by ADH is the rate-limiting step in alcohol metabolism. Although many drugs are metabolized following firstorder kinetics, alcohol metabolism usually follows zero-order kinetics, indicating that regardless of blood alcohol level, alcohol is metabolized by the liver ADH enzyme at a constant rate. This is due to the fact that the Michaelis constant (Km) of most isoenzymes of ADH for ethanol is low (B2À10 mg/100 mL).

Older people may metabolize alcohol more slowly than young people. 65 years old), regardless of gender, is one standard drink per day (see Chapter 1). Lean body mass decreases and adipose tissue increases with advancing age, resulting in a corresponding decrease in volume of total body water. Therefore, an older person may experience a higher blood alcohol level than a younger person with the same body weight after taking in the same amount of alcohol [22]. Metabolism of alcohol also changes with advanced age because the activity of enzymes involved in alcohol metabolism, including ADH, ALDH, and CYP2E1, diminishes with age.

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Alcohol and Its Biomarkers: Clinical Aspects and Laboratory Determination by Amitava Dasgupta


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