By James Crawford
A set of 18 essays addressing the coverage and politics of training English language rookies. topics comprise demographic swap and its academic implications, American responses to language range, public controversies over bilingual schooling, high-stakes trying out and its influence on English language newcomers, and the precarious prestige of language rights within the united states.
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Additional info for Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (Bilingual Education & Bilingualism)
For individuals, they include: 26 W:\Clients\MLM\Crawford\ Crawford Proof 3 27 February 2008 17:00:32 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Heritage Languages in America 25 • Cognitive and academic growth. Psychologists have found that bilingualism is correlated with greater mental flexibility, perhaps because a command of two symbolic systems provides more than one way to approach a problem. To realize such advantages, however, it appears to be necessary to achieve substantial proficiency in both languages, or ‘balanced bilingualism’ (Hakuta, 1986).
In fact, the conservative Orange County districts that preferred English-only approaches in recent years were significantly slower to teach English than districts in neighboring Los Angeles County, where bilingual programs have predominated. Yet all of these facts went largely unremarked upon by the press. In short, the ‘95% failure rate’ was a thoroughly dishonest claim: a fraud. Most of the journalists I encountered during the campaign were sharp enough to see this (and freely admitted it in private).
In 2004, most Anglo-American voters care a great deal more about issues like the Iraq war and a slumping economy than about the symbolic politics of language. For Latinos, on the other hand, the symbolism is significant. *Editorial column for the Bilingual Family Newsletter 21 (2), 2004. 29 31 W:\Clients\MLM\Crawford\ Crawford Proof 3 27 February 2008 17:00:32 Color profile: Disabled Composite Default screen Advocating for English Learners 30 Even though many of them speak limited Spanish themselves, they appreciate the respect for their cultural heritage, however token, and politicians increasingly feel pressure to provide it.
Advocating for English Learners: Selected Essays (Bilingual Education & Bilingualism) by James Crawford