By J. C. Senez (auth.), Sevastianos Roussos, B. K. Lonsane, Maurice Raimbault, Gustavo Viniegra-Gonzalez (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9048149045

ISBN-13: 9789048149049

ISBN-10: 9401706611

ISBN-13: 9789401706612

G.HAINNAUX Departement Milieu et Activites Agricoles, Centre ORSTOM, 911 road d' Agropolis, B.P. 5045, 34032 Montpellier Cedex , France. reliable kingdom fermentation, popularly abbreviated as SSF, is at the moment investigated by way of many teams through the international. The examine of this method used to be mostly ignored some time past in eu and Western international locations and there's now a excessive call for for SSF, that means in foodstuff, setting, agricultural, phannaceutical and lots of different biotechnological functions. It offers me delight to notice that the significance of this method used to be realised at my division long ago in 1975 considering then, our workforce has placed centred efforts on constructing this system. xvii Foreword Advances in good kingdom Fermentation Foreword M. PUYGRENIER Agropolis Valorisation, street d' Agropolis, 34394 Montpellier Cedex five, France. at the identify of the clinical neighborhood, i need to precise the want that this overseas Symposium on SSF can be profitable. stable kingdom Fermentation is a part of biotechnology learn. It is composed on seeding strong tradition medium with micro organism or fungi (filamentous or better) and on generating, during this medium (solid parts and exudates) metabolites and excessive price items. actually, this approach is especially previous. In older industries such the meals and agricultural, this method has been largely used. An instance of this is often the construction of beef sausages and Roquefort cheese. Pharmaceutical can make large use of SSF within the creation of secondary metabolites of many varieties and improvement during this course is quickly expected.

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In the same way, the optimization of the production of an enzyme, which is related to the growth of the micro-organism, can be carried out without the measurement of biomass. Another consideration concerns the possibility of on-line measurement. In submerged fermentation, on-line biomass measurements are carried out using biophotometer and similar devices, which are based on optical density measurements. In SSF, no method is available for direct on-line biomass measurement. As in the liquid fermentation, the best possibility is to analyze the gases at the reactor output.

However, if one substrate in the medium is changed, the results are erroneous. Thus, when screening of substrate is carried out, the glucosamine content is not a good biomass indicator. Ergosterol (Fig. Ib), increases rapidly to reach a maximum and then remains constant It also varies according to the medium. The initial values up to 24 h are not presented in the figure, because the amounts were too low for HPLC detection. Fig. Ic shows that, for NSI and NS3, the total sugar content is stable from 48 h and for NS2 from 72 h.

Salinas (1994) has isolated various fungal cultures, which grew during the spontaneous composting process and noticed a plant stimulating activity. This suggests that it is possible to compost organic residues in such a way, that the remaining solids are blended with products and organisms having plant regulator properties, during composting under SSF. Such results indicate the need for developing an integrated approach to SSF processes. ). These solid residues should be characterized as potential probiotic material, either for direct livestock production or for improved composting materials.

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Advances in Solid State Fermentation by J. C. Senez (auth.), Sevastianos Roussos, B. K. Lonsane, Maurice Raimbault, Gustavo Viniegra-Gonzalez (eds.)


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