By Mira Ariel

ISBN-10: 041572354X

ISBN-13: 9780415723541

ISBN-10: 1315857472

ISBN-13: 9781315857473

ISBN-10: 1317933826

ISBN-13: 9781317933823

ISBN-10: 1317933834

ISBN-13: 9781317933830

Having access to Noun-Phrase Antecedents bargains an intensive shift within the research of discourse anaphora, from a simply pragmatic account to a cognitive account, when it comes to processing techniques. Mira Ariel defines referring expressions as markers signalling the measure of Accessibility in reminiscence of the antecedent. The inspiration of Accessibility is explicitly outlined, the an important components being the Salience of the antecedent, and the cohesion among the antecedent and the anaphor.
This research yields an astounding array of recent effects. the correct distribution of referring expressions in genuine discourse is without delay expected. a number of universals of anaphoric kinfolk are said. therefore, even supposing now not all languages unavoidably have a similar markers, and nor do they assign them exactly the related functionality, Ariel exhibits that all of them obey a similar Accessibility marking hierarchy.
This e-book may be obligatory analyzing for somebody with an curiosity within the semantics and pragmatics of referring expressions, within the interplay of semantics and pragmatics, and extra often within the interplay among peripheral and vital cognitive structures.

Show description

Read or Download Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents PDF

Similar semantics books

Attitude Problems: An Essay On Linguistic Intensionality by Graeme Forbes PDF

Ascriptions of psychological states to oneself and others supply upward push to many fascinating logical and semantic difficulties. perspective difficulties offers an unique account of psychological country ascriptions which are made utilizing intensional transitive verbs resembling 'want', 'seek', 'imagine', and 'worship'.

Download e-book for kindle: Essays on Anaphora by Howard Lasnik (auth.)

The articles gathered during this booklet are excited about the therapy of anaphora inside generative grammar, in particular, inside Chomsky's 'Ex­ tended commonplace conception' (EST). because the inception of this idea, and nearly because the inception of generative grammar, anaphora has been a principal subject of research.

Download e-book for kindle: Lingua Universalis vs. Calculus Ratiocinator: An Ultimate by Jaakko Hintikka

R. G. Collingwood observed one of many major projects of philosophers and of historians of human proposal in uncovering what he referred to as the final word presuppositions of other thinkers, of other philosophical pursuits and of whole eras of highbrow background. He additionally famous that such final presuppositions frequently stay tacit in the beginning, and are came upon simply by way of next mirrored image.

Paul J. Hopper's Tense-Aspect: Between Semantics and Pragmatics PDF

The verbal different types of annoying and element were studied frequently from the perspective in their connection with the timing and time-perspective of the speaker’s pronounced adventure. they're common different types either by way of the semantic-functional area they disguise in addition to by way of their syntactic and morphological recognition.

Additional resources for Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents

Sample text

The referring expression in [5] below is a typical example. As my data confirm, it could never occur as a subsequent reference to Moynihan: [5] daniel petrik moynehan, mi she haya shagrir Daniel Patrick Moynihan, who (that) was the ambassador arcot-habrit ba umf megale be sifro . . (of) the US to-the UN, reveals in his-book . . ( Yediot Ahronot, 10 November 1978) Given that the richness of the expression is crucial to its degree of Accessibility, we should expect to find differences among definite descriptions of different lengths.

0 { = he) was not more than twenty years of age. 0 (= he) had already mastered everything in astronomy, geography, and classics, However, he had a different personality, Not only did 0 ( = he) not seek officialdom . . Fox (1987) discusses English patterns of anaphora in non­ narrative natural conversations and in written expository prose. Generally put, her claim is that ‘by using a pronoun the speaker displays an understanding that the preceding sequence has not been closed down’ (p. 18). If a speaker assesses that the proposi­ tion containing the antecedent is closed, she uses a full NP.

Results showed that Distance was always a factor influencing reading time. Thus, depending on whether sentences [c] and / or [d] were also included in the context, the target sentence took longer to read. But more interestingly, topic vs. non-topic ante­ cedents proved to behave significantly differently too. 5 seconds (depending on Distance). These findings corroborate our assumption that topics have a privileged standing with respect to ease of accessing. Non-topics, on the other hand, which are not as available, are more drastically affected by the Distance, and therefore require a Low Access­ ibility M arker for ease of comprehension.

Download PDF sample

Accessing Noun-Phrase Antecedents by Mira Ariel


by Jason
4.1

Rated 4.18 of 5 – based on 7 votes