By Alain Badiou
Publish yr note: First released in 1998
Une exigence fondamentale de los angeles pensée contemporaine est d'en finir avec los angeles « philosophie politique ».
Qu'est-ce que l. a. philosophie politique ? Son opération centrale est de ramener l. a. politique à l'exercice du « libre jugement » et de los angeles « dialogue », dans un espace public où ne comptent en définitive que les opinions.
On sait que, bien avant d'être arendtien, ou kantien, le thème de l'opposition irréductible de los angeles vérité et de l'opinion est platonicien. Ce qui, en revanche, n'est pas platonicien est l'idée que los angeles politique serait ainsi éternellement vouée à l'opinion, éternellement disjointe de toute vérité.
Sauf pour qui pense que le commentaire de bistrot, ou los angeles dialog entre amis, constitue « l'essence même de l. a. vie politique », il est en effet clair que le conflit des evaluations n'est politique qu'autant qu'il se cristallise dans une décision. los angeles query d'une attainable vérité politique doit alors être examinée non du seul aspect de los angeles « dialogue », mais dans le processus complexe qui noue los angeles dialogue à l. a. décision.
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Additional info for Abrégé de métapolitique (L'ordre philosophique)
Any new scientific idea finds in the scientific world supporters and enemies both sides inflamed to a deplorable degree with the partisan spirit. The intellectual world is permanently full of trends and factions, in various stages of crystal lisation. In art and literature, this phenomenon is even more prevalent. Cubism and Surrealism were each a sort of party. Some people were Gidian and some Maurrassian. To achieve celebrity, it is useful to be surrounded by a gang of admirers, all possessed by the partisan spirit.
The influence of these parties has contaminated the entire mentality of our age. ON T HE ABOL I T I ON OF A L L POL I T I CAL PART I E S When someone joins a party, it is usually because he has perceived, in the activities and propaganda of this party, a number of things that appeared to him just and good. Still, he has probably never studied the posi tion of the party on all the problems of public life. When joining the party, he therefore also endorses a number of positions which he does not know.
The human atten tion span is limited - it does not allow for simultaneous consideration of these two concerns. In fact, whoever would care for the one is bound to neglect the other. Yet no suffering befalls whoever relinquishes justice and truth, whereas the party system has painful penal ties to chastise insubordination. These penalties extend into all areas of life: career, affections, friendship, repu tation, the external aspect of honour, sometimes even family life. The Communist Party developed this system to perfection.
Abrégé de métapolitique (L'ordre philosophique) by Alain Badiou