By John Horman
This ebook uncovers an early selection of sayings, known as N, which are ascribed to Jesus and are just like these present in the Gospel of Thomas and in Q, a record believed to be a standard resource, with Mark, for Matthew and Luke. within the strategy, the publication sheds mild at the literary tools of Mark and Thomas. A literary comparability of the texts of the sayings of Jesus that seem in either Mark and Thomas indicates that every tailored an previous assortment for his personal goal. Neither Mark nor Thomas constantly supplies the unique or earliest type of the shared sayings; consequently, Horman states, every one used and tailored an previous resource. shut verbal parallels among the models in Mark and Thomas convey that the resource was once written in Greek. Horman’s end is this universal resource is N.
This thought is new, and has implications for all times of Jesus study. earlier learn on sayings attributed to Jesus has handled Thomas in a single of 2 methods: both as an autonomous movement of Jesus sayings written with no wisdom of the recent testomony Gospels and or as a later piece of pseudo-Scripture that makes use of the hot testomony as resource. This booklet rejects either perspectives.
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Extra info for A Common Written Greek Source for Mark and Thomas
Before we can conclude the discussion of this saying, we must take into account similar sayings with a somewhat different point of view in Luke, Q and Thomas. First, where Mark and Matthew present the saying under discussion, Luke gives a different saying (Lk. 11:21–22): µ- ´ ¨)3/'°+ 7%);#+ 1/9)) - /-#º ½=, ¨'= )-¤ -q Á%9'3#½-#ºT %q ¨)3/'C-'#+ ½-#º %Å =) ½-C, - % #%?
7). When the strong person is armed and guards his own hall, his possessions are in peace.
The first is structural, since in Th. 104:1, Jesus is asked to fast now, while in 104:3 he talks about when unnamed third parties should fast in the future. The only other example would be Th. 99/Mk. 3:31–35, in which a biographical notice appears to frame the saying in Th. 99:2/Mk. 3:35. If the sayings sources were interested in episodes in the life of Jesus, we would have expected to find more of them. Apparently, then, neither Thomas’s version of this saying nor Mark’s version (shared by Matthew and Luke) make sense as the earliest version of the saying.
3:32b, 35, contain everything essential to the story. There are only a few differences between Mark and Thomas for these two sentences. ” In Mark 3:32b, Jesus’s family are said to be “seeking” Jesus; “standing” is assumed from Mk. 3:31. In Jesus’s reply in Th. 2, the subject of the sentence is plural (“those who do” rather than “whoever does”). Mark, unlike Thomas, includes “sister” among those who do the will of the Father; probably “sister” was also found in the source since it is easier to explain its omission from Thomas and from Mk.
A Common Written Greek Source for Mark and Thomas by John Horman